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Home Chiropractic Research Torticollis A Retrospective Analysis of Infants With Postural Torticollis Receiving Chiropractic Care

A Retrospective Analysis of Infants With Postural Torticollis Receiving Chiropractic Care

Abstract

Purpose: A retrospective analysis of infants under chiropractic care for postural torticollis.

Methods: Through descriptive statistics, we describe a cohort of infants that consecutively presented to one chiropractic clinic in Chur, Switzerland in a period of 6 months. The infants were cared for with contact-specific high velocity, low amplitude thrusts to sites of vertebral subluxations in the cervical spine.

Results: The cohort is comprised of 25 infants (15 males and 10 females) with complaints of postural torticollis. The average age of the infants at 4 ½ months (age range: 3 ½ weeks to 10 months).  With respect to the mode of referral, 15 were from a pediatrician, 6 were referred by a parent, and 3 were referred by a pediatric nurse and one from a midwife. Fifteen of the infants [8 females and 7 males] had a right rotation/left lateral flexion head malposition while 10 [8 males and 2 females] had a left rotation/right lateral flexion head malposition. Plagiocephaly was present in 10 of the infants [8 males and 2 females] on the left and 14 [7 males and 7 females] on the right side. Twenty three infants had microsomy on the left [n=15] and on the right [n=8].

All the infants suffered from postural torticollis from birth with 5 of the patients receiving medical care with no change in posture. According to the patient’s parent(s), associated complaints in a number of the patients included restlessness, excessive crying, colic, constipation and difficulty burping. One patient was diagnosed with Russell Silver Syndrome. With respect to treatment frequency, the care required an average of less than 2 visits to observe any postural improvement. At the time of analysis, one of the patients was still under chiropractic care. For the 24 other infants, less than 5 visits were required to attain complete resolution of symptoms within an average timeframe of 7 weeks. This amounted to approximately 3 visits per every 5 weeks.

Conclusion: The results indicate that infants with postural torticollis may benefit from chiropractic care via contact specific, high velocity, low amplitude thrusts to sites of vertebral subluxations.

Joel Alcantara 1, Rosemary E. Oman 2 and Gian Joerger 3

  1. Research Director, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, Media, PA, USA and Private Practice of Chiropractic, San Jose, CA, USA.
  2. Private Practice of Chiropractic, Chur, Switzerland
  3. Private Practice of Chiropractic, Chur, Switzerland

This study was funded by International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, Media, PA, USA

Presented at Canadian Consortium for Chiropractic Research. Montreal, Canada, July 9-12, 2004