Double crush syndrome: cervical radiculopathy and carpal tunnel syndrome. Osterman AL, Pfeffer G, Chu J, et al. Presented at the 41st annual American Society for Surgery of the Hand, New Orleans, LA 1986. Describes in detail the double crush syndrome.
- Surgery of the peripheral nerve. MacKinnon SE, Dellon AL. Thieme Medical Publishers. New York, 1988.
- Nerve compression near the spine is found in people with carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Double crush syndrome: a chiropractic/surgical approach to treatment. Cramer SR, Cramer LM Dig of Chiropractic Economics Mar/April, 1991.
- From the abstract: Seventy five patients had dual treatment of chiropractic and hand surgery/rehabilitation, "concluding that these two...treatments are complementary and can be effective in improving the lives and prognoses of patients...."
- Carpal tunnel syndrome: a case report. Ferezy, JS, Norlin, WT. Chiropractic Technique, Jan/Feb 1989 P.19-22.
- Electromyelography demonstrated objective improvement in this case of CTS following chiropractic care.
- Spinal Manipulation, 5th edition by Bourdillon JE, Day EA, Bookhout MR: Oxford, England, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd, 1992:
- "Faulty innervation caused by spinal joint lesions is one of the main factors in the production of carpal tunnel syndrome. p. 207.
- Research finds surface EMG useful in treatment of CTS. Prosanti MP. Advances For Physical Therapists, July 6, 1992.
- From the article: "The notion that muscles of the neck could be involved in problems within the arm and wrist has been a subject of discussion for several years."
- The double lesion neuropathy: an experimental study and clinical cases. Nemoto et al Abstract 123, Second Int'l Congress. Boston, MA Oct. 1983.
- Shows that nerve compression such as in the neck will block the distribution of necessary cellular material to the distal nerve axon such as in the wrist, making it more susceptible to injury.
- Double crush syndrome: what is the evidence? Swenson RS. J Neuromusculoskeletal System, Spring 1993; 1(1): 23-29.
- The hypothesis that a nerve injury close to the spine may weaken the nerves further away is discussed. The author concludes that more data is needed.
- The numb arm and hand. Bracker MD, Ralph LP Am Fam Physician 1995 (Jul);52 (1): 85
- Medical article that discusses thoracic outlet syndrome.
- Abstract: Trauma and compression along the course of the median, ulnar or radial nerve from the brachial plexus to the fingers may cause pain, weakness, numbness or tingling the upper extremity. Diabetes, smoking, alcohol consumption, rheumatoid arthritis and hypothyroid-ism are risk factors for nerve entrapment although these disorders typically produce bilateral symptoms.