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Nursing Notes

Written by Pathways Magazine   
Tuesday, 01 March 2005 00:00
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Big Business vs. Breastfeeding

A new study in BMJ says more needs to be done to stop big business from exploiting mothers to choose formula over breastfeeding.

Tony Waterston, Monitoring the marketing of infant formula feeds: Manufacturers of breast milk substitutes violate the WHO code again. BMJ, 2003 (Jan 18); 326 (7381): 113-114.

Decrease in Respiratory Ailments Associated with Breastfeeding

Among generally healthy infants in developed nations, more than a tripling in severe respiratory tract illnesses resulting in hospitalizations was noted for infants who were not breastfed compared with those who were exclusively breastfed for 4 months.

Bachrach VR, Schwarz E, Bachrach LR. Breastfeeding and the risk of hospitalization for respiratory disease in infancy: a meta-analysis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 2003 (Mar); 157 (3): 237-243.

Breastfeeding Reduces Pain Response

The results of a new study published in BMJ reports that breastfeeding effectively reduces response to pain during minor invasive procedure in term neonates.

Ricardo Carbajal. Analgesic effect of breastfeeding in term neonates: randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 2003 (Jan 4); 326 (7379): 13.

Exclusive Breastfeeding Prevents Allergies

A large cohort study concludes that exclusive breastfeeding seems to have a preventive effect on the early development of allergic disease— that is, asthma, atopic dermatitis, and suspected allergic rhinitis, up to 2 years of age. This protective effect was also evident for multiple allergic diseases.

I Kull, M Wickman, G Lilja, S L Nordvall and G Pershagen. Breastfeeding and allergic diseases in infants-a prospective birth cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2002 (Dec); 87 (6): 478-481.