The routine use of electronic fetal heart monitoring (EFM) in American obstetrics is an unscientific practice that increases cesarian section without improving outcomes. The overuse of EFM must be challenged as iatrogenic. -- Dr. J. Hughes
The following abstracts were compiled to show parents that this common procedure may not be all that it is made out to be. Even more crtiical is the fact that the use of electronic fetal monitoring may lead to further unnecessary intervention.