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Home Wellness Research Electronic Fetal Monitoring

Electronic Fetal Monitoring

The routine use of electronic fetal heart monitoring (EFM) in American obstetrics is an unscientific practice that increases cesarian section without improving outcomes. The overuse of EFM must be challenged as iatrogenic. -- Dr. J. Hughes

The following abstracts were compiled to show parents that this common procedure may not be all that it is made out to be. Even more crtiical is the fact that the use of electronic fetal monitoring may lead to further unnecessary intervention.


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1 A Randomized Trial of Intrapartum Electronic Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring Versus Intermittent Auscultation
2 Intrapartum Auscultation of the Fetal Heart Rate
3 Effects of Electronic Fetal-Heart-Rate Monitoring, As Compared With Periodic Auscultation, on the Neurologic Development of Premature Infants
4 Whither Electronic Fetal Monitoring?
5 Are Physicians Changing the Way They Practise Obstetrics?
6 Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring During Labour--Too Frequent Intervention, Too Little Benefit?
7 Intrapartum Fetal Heart Rate Assessment: Monitoring by Auscultation or Electronic Means
8 Fetal Monitoring and Predictions by Clinicians: Observations During a Randomized Clinical Trial in Very Low Birth Weight Infants
9 A Randomized Trial of Electronic Fetal Monitoring in Preterm Labor: Mothers' Views
10 Do Electronic Fetal Heart Rate Monitors Improve Delivery Outcomes?
11 Electronic Fetal Heart Monitoring, Auscultation, And Neonatal Outcome
12 Interobserver Variation in the Assessment of Fetal Heart Rate Recordings
13 Electronic Fetal Monitoring: A Canadian Survey
14 Auscultated Fetal Heart Rate Accelerations. An Alternative to the Non-Stress Test
15 Hospital Setting for Birth and Use of Medical Procedures in Low-Risk Women
16 Electronic Fetal Monitoring in the United States in the 1980s
17 Routine Electronic Monitoring Of Fetuses Is Challenged in Study