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Home Wellness Research Ear Infections (Otitis Media) Antibiotic Treatment of Otitis Media is No More Effective Than Placebo, and Increases the Risks of Reoccurrence

Antibiotic Treatment of Otitis Media is No More Effective Than Placebo, and Increases the Risks of Reoccurrence

30 Octobre 2008
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Nine studies of antibiotic prophylaxis of recurrent otitis media with 958 subjects had an RD of 0.11 (95% confidence interval [Cl], 0.03 to 0.19) favoring antibiotic treatment. Twelve studies of short-term patient outcomes of OME with 1697 subjects had an RD favoring antibiotics of 0.16 (95% Cl, 0.03 to 0.29), while eight studies using the ear as the outcome measure with 2052 ears studied had an RD of 0.25 (95% Cl, 0.10 to 0.40). No significant difference was shown between placebo and antibiotics (RD, 0.06; 95% Cl, -0.03 to 0.14) in the eight studies of longer-term outcome of OME.


Cantekin EI   Use of antibiotics in preventing recurrent acute otitis media and in treating otitis media with effusion. A meta-analytic attempt to resolve the brouhaha   JAMA. 1993 (Sep 15);   270 (11):   1344-1351